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River Yealm Trip
Plymouth Boat Trips

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This page shows postcards and images from a 2 hour cruise to the River Yealm with Plymouth Boat Trips in May 2014 on the vessel Spirit of Plymouth.

The Yealm has a high tidal range so only runs on selected dates, the same applying to the other long cruises on the Tamar to Morwellham or Calstock.

The Yealm (historically pronounced 'Yam') is a river in Devon in England that rises 1,411 feet above sea level on the Stall Moor mires of south Dartmoor and travels 12 miles (19 km) to the sea, passing through Cornwood, Lee Mill and Yealmpton before reaching its estuary which forms a ria (a coastal inlet formed by the partial submergence of an unglaciated river valley) bounded on its western side by Wembury.

The villages of Noss Mayo, Newton Ferrers and Bridgend on Newton Creek, off the Yealm, were extremely isolated from Plymouth, although a rowed ferry existed from Ferry Cottage across the Pool of Yealm to a path towards Wembury. In the 20th Century the ferry was moved upstream to run a triangular service between Wide Slip, Warren Point and the Yealm Hotel. A ferry still runs in summer from Newton Ferrers to Noss Mayo and Warren Point. When the Great Western Railway (GWR) opened a branch to Yealmpton George Hodge began a ferry service from Newton Ferrers and Noss Mayo to Steer Point station on the railway branch. The steamers used on this ferry were the Kitley Belle of 1905 and smaller Kitley Girl. There was bus competition from the 1920s and Kitley Belle was replaced by the Kelvin-engined Pioneer from St Mawes. Kitley Belle was sold in 1930 and the ferry ceased soon afterwards. Excursion vessels from Plymouth regularly visited the Yealm, as they do to this day.

Websites:-  www.plymouthboattrips.co.uk  -  www.cawsandferry.co.uk
Email:-
plymouthboattrips@hotmail.co.uk
Telephone:- 07971 208381


 

Sections on this Page
Contacts
   Website:-  www.cawsandferry.co.uk
   Website:-  www.plymouthboattrips.co.uk
   Email:-
plymouthboattrips@hotmail.co.uk
   Telephone:- 07971 208381

http://www.hollandamerica.com
 

Associated Pages

References
   Trip Out Guides - Various Editions 1985-2014 by Geoffrey Hamer
         Trip Out Guides are available from Geoffrey Hamer, PO Box 485, Southall, UB1 9BH
   Estuary & River Ferries of South West England - Martin Langley & Edwina Small - Waine Research (1984)
   Passenger Steamers of the River Tamar - Alan Kittridge - Twelveheads Press (1984)
   Passenger Steamers of the River Dart - Richard Clammer & Alan Kittridge - Twelveheads Press (1987)
   South Devon Ferries - Alan Kittridge - Tempus (2003)
   Steamers & Ferries of the River Tamar & Three Towns District - Alan Kittridge - Twelveheads Press (2003)


Timetable Archive (PDF Files)
   2011 Timetable
http://www.hollandamerica.com



River Yealm Trip on Spirit of Plymouth
Plymouth Boat Trips

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Spirit of Plymouth
Plymouth Boat Trips

Spirit of Plymouth  joined the Plymouth Boat Trips fleet for the 2013 season. She is a comfortable modern boat with extensive open deck areas and covered accommodation. Company owner Ben Squire was skipper on this first visit to the Yealm in 2014 and gave an entertaining commentary on the many historic sites and wildlife to be seen.

Spirit of Plymouth arriving at the Barbican after her 12:30 Dockyard cruise
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 17th March 2013

SPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat Trips - Photo: ©2013 Ian Boyle - www.simplonpc.co.ukSPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat Trips - Photo: ©2013 Ian Boyle - www.simplonpc.co.ukSPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat Trips - Photo: ©2013 Ian Boyle - www.simplonpc.co.uk
SPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat Trips - Photo: ©2013 Ian Boyle - www.simplonpc.co.ukSPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat Trips - Photo: ©2013 Ian Boyle - www.simplonpc.co.ukSPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat Trips - Photo: ©2013 Ian Boyle - www.simplonpc.co.uk








Trip to the River Yealm on Spirit of Plymouth

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The River Yealm is south-east of Plymouth, reaching the sea just outside the Plymouth harbour breakwater. The round trip takes around two hours.

Spirit of Plymouth arriving at Plymouth Barbican Pier prior to my trip
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

SPIRIT OF PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Mount Batten Breakwater

As we leave the Barbican we round the Mount Batten Breakwater. Work on the Mount Batten Breakwater (also referred to as Mount Batten Pier and Cattewater Breakwater) started in 1878 and was completed in 1881 at a total cost of £20,000. It is 915 feet (279 metres)in length and the foundations are 20 feet (6 metres) below the low tide mark. The breakwater was promoted by the Cattewater Commissioners who were responsible for shipping in the area. During the air-station years the breakwater was closed to the public and used, for a period, to store flying boats. In 1995 the breakwater was refurbished and re-opened to the public.

As we leave the Barbican we round the Mount Batten Breakwater
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Mount Batten - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMount Batten - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Mount Batten Tower

Mount Batten Tower is visible to the east as we pass the breakwater. In the later Medieval period, Mount Batten became an important defensive point for the developing settlement at Plymouth Harbour, providing a field of fire from across the other side of the Cattewater, the channel connecting the old town to the sea. In 1652, Mount Batten Tower, a 30-foot high circular artillery fort was built here.

Mount Batten Tower is visible to the east as we pass the breakwater
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Mount Batten - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMount Batten - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






RAF Mount Batten

The Mount Batten peninsula was home to RAF Mount Batten which was a Royal Air Force station and flying boat base. Originally a seaplane station opened in 1917 as Royal Navy Air Service Station Cattewater, it became RAF Cattewater in 1918 and in 1928 was renamed RAF Mount Batten.

No.10 Squadron RAAF (Australian) was based there between 1941–1945 flying Short Sunderlands. An RAF presence, latterly without aircraft, was maintained until 1992. Today, little evidence of the RAF base remains apart from several memorials, some aviation-related road names, the main slipway and two impressive Grade II listed F-type aeroplane hangars dating from 1917.

Two large 1917 hangers remain from RAF Mount Batten which operated flying boats
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Mount Batten - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMount Batten - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Drake's Island

To the west as we leave the Barbican we can see Drake's Island in Plymouth Sound. The first recorded name for the island was in 1135, when it was referred to as St Michael's, after the chapel erected on it. At some later date the chapel was rededicated to St Nicholas and the island adopted the same name. From the latter part of the 16th century the island was occasionally referred to as Drake's Island after Sir Francis Drake, the English privateer who used Plymouth as his home port. Even well into the 19th century, maps and other references continued to refer to the island as St Nicholas's Island and it is only in about the last 100 years that this name has slipped into disuse and the name Drake's Island has been adopted.

The 1859 Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom recommended a huge programme of new fortifications to defend Plymouth. On Drake's Island, the existing battery at the centre of the island was replaced by five 12-inch muzzle loading guns in open emplacements. A new battery was also built on the south-western end, of twenty one 9-inch guns in an arc of stone casemates with iron shields. Six 12-pounder quick firing guns were added in 1897 and three 6-inch guns became the main armament in 1901.

The island was sold for £384,000 in 1995, with plans to turn it into a hotel complex, but the owner has not, to date, obtained planning permission. The island contains derelict military barracks and buildings from the Napoleonic era, and a MoD radio mast.

Drake's Island barracks and batteries
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Drake's Island - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukDrake's Island - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Fort Picklecombe

On the western shore of Plymouth Sound is the enormous Fort Picklecombe battery, now a residential development.

Fort Picklecombe was commissioned in the mid 19th century by Lord Palmerston, to protect against enemy invasion by sea, particularly from France.

Palmerston ordered a series of coastal forts and batteries to be built in the Plymouth area to defend the large naval base at Devonport. The western coastal entrance to Plymouth Sound was to be defended by Fort Picklecombe, with Fort Bovisand to the east, and a smaller fort on the Plymouth Sound breakwater. Fort Picklecombe itself would be defended from attack from the rear by a series of smaller forts and batteries positioned on or near the Rame peninsula.

Fort Picklecombe was built near an earlier earthen battery dating back to the start of the 19th century. Constructed between 1864 and 1871, the fort was armed with forty two 9-inch and 10-inch muzzle loading guns, which were mounted in a semi-circular arc of two-storey casemates faced with granite blocks and iron shields. In the 1890s, it was re-armed with two 6-inch breech-loaders and two light quick firing guns. Not a single shot has ever been fired in anger from the fort. The Palmerston forts’ lack of war action led them to be dubbed Palmerston Follies, the fact that they were a deterrent being lost on their critics.

On the western shore of Plymouth Sound is the enormous Fort Picklecombe battery, now a residential development.
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Fort Picklecombe - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukFort Picklecombe - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk
Fort Picklecombe - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Bovisand

Holiday cottages/huts at Bovisand

Holiday cottages/huts at Bovisand.
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

BOVISAND - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukBOVISAND - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Fort Bovisand

Fort Bovisand is on the eastern shore of Plymouth Sound opposite Fort Picklecombe battery, defending the eastern entrance to Plymouth Sound.

Fort Picklecombe was commissioned in the mid 19th century by Lord Palmerston, to protect against enemy invasion by sea, particularly from France.

Palmerston ordered a series of coastal forts and batteries to be built in the Plymouth area to defend the large naval base at Devonport. The western coastal entrance to Plymouth Sound was to be defended by Fort Picklecombe, with Fort Bovisand to the east, and a smaller fort on the Plymouth Sound breakwater. Fort Picklecombe itself would be defended from attack from the rear by a series of smaller forts and batteries positioned on or near the Rame peninsula.

Fort Picklecombe was built near an earlier earthen battery dating back to the start of the 19th century. Constructed between 1864 and 1871, the fort was armed with forty two 9-inch and 10-inch muzzle loading guns, which were mounted in a semi-circular arc of two-storey casemates faced with granite blocks and iron shields. In the 1890s, it was re-armed with two 6-inch breech-loaders and two light quick firing guns. Not a single shot has ever been fired in anger from the fort. The Palmerston forts’ lack of war action led them to be dubbed Palmerston Follies, the fact that they were a deterrent being lost on their critics.

Additional lookout towers were built during WW2.

On the western shore of Plymouth Sound is the enormous Fort Picklecombe battery, now a residential development.
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Fort Bovisand - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukFort Bovisand - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukFort Bovisand - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukFort Bovisand - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Cawsand - Kingsand

Cawsand and Kingsand are adjacent villages on the Rame peninsular on the east side of Plymouth Sound.

Images of the ferry trip from Plymouth to Kingsand:- www.simplonpc.co.uk/CawsandFerry.html

Adjacent villages of Cawsand and Kingsand
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

CAWSAND - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Shag Rock

Shag Rock, named after the cormorants and shags which use the rock, with Heybrook Bay in the background.

Shag Rock off Wembury Point.
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Shag Rock - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukShag Rock - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






The Mewstone

The Mewstone is a distinctive triangular island off Wembury Point which is currently uninhabited.

The Mewstone, also showing the a small stone house on the rock
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

Mewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukMewstone - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






Wembury

Wembury at the entrance to the River Yealm.
Adjacent villages of Cawsand and Kingsand
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

WEMBURY - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk






River Yealm

The Yealm is a river in Devon in England that rises 1,411 feet above sea level on the Stall Moor mires of south Dartmoor and travels 12 miles (19 km) to the sea, passing through Cornwood, Lee Mill and Yealmpton before reaching its estuary which forms a ria (a coastal inlet formed by the partial submergence of an unglaciated river valley) bounded on its western side by Wembury.

The River Yealm
Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014

RIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk RIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.ukRIVER YEALM - Plymouth Boat trips - Photo: © Ian Boyle, 14th May 2014 - www.simplonpc.co.uk





















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